Romans 1:20 teaches us to consider how food reveals the eternal power and divine nature of God in the created world. I will use the perspective of eight omni-attributes of God with their derivative reflections.
God’s omnipresence is reflected in forms of presence/social cohesion (fellowship) related to food and drink: all our eating and drinking should be conscious of the presence of God, every bite and sip to his glory and the good of our own bodies, which are his temple that he has purchased in redemption (1 Cor. 6:19-20). Offer generous and cheerful hospitality as the welcome of shared presence, meals together with family, friends and neighbors and strangers (1 Tim. 3:2; Tit. 1:8; Heb. 13:2; 1 Pet. 4:9).
God’s omniholiness is reflected in holy practices related to food and drink: Romans 1:21 teaches us that we should glorify God and give him thanks for food. Food choices are a measure of what we value, our loves and hates. Food must be used within guidelines of the moral law: not as a god or idol, to show God’s holy name, within patterns of work and rest to eat, drink and enjoy the best fruits of our labors (Ecclesiastes), festival holidays, food that nourishes and sustains health (6th commandment), metaphor of woman folly, a prostitute who steals and shares food as a table of sensual pleasures (Prov. 9:13-18), Fasting is recommended as a way to show we love God more than food (Matt. 6:16-18; Luke 5:35). The Lord sends famine to judge disobedience (Deut. 28: 15-68). Misuses: Food choices that cause another believer to stumble or be destroyed by sinning against his conscience in eating it (Rom. 14:20; 1 Cor. 8:1-13; Col. 2:16). Food cravings coupled with unbelief were judged by God (Ps. 78:18, 29-31). 1 Timothy 4:3 teaches us that ceremonial abstention from foods is a false way of holiness.
God’s omnisufficiency is reflected in various types of food and drink provision: God provides EVERY plant and tree that contain seeds on the face of the earth for man’s food (Gen. 1:29; 2:9) and all other green plants to feed the birds and animals (Gen. 1:30). After the flood, all the creatures are also given as food (Gen. 9:3). The Lord provides our daily bread (Matt. 6:11; Acts 14:17; 2 Cor. 9:10), provides food for all creatures (Ps. 104:14, 21, 27; 136:25; 145:15; 147:9; especially for those who fear him 111:5), with clothing especially for the hungry, fatherless, widow, and sojourner (Deut. 10:18; Ps. 146:7). The Lord’s providence restores food after a time of famine (Ruth 1:6). The Lord provided double blessing harvest of food in the 6th year to let the land have a Sabbath rest (Lev. 25:6). Food (ingredients, flavors and spices) is a type of material provision. We need to learn contentment with what God provides (Prov. 30:8; 1 Tim 6:8; Matt. 6:25-34). 1 Timothy 4:3 teaches us to receive all foods with thanks as gifts from God. Share food and drink with those in need, especially family (Matt. 25:35; Luke 3:11; Acts 2:46; 1 Tim 5:4, 8, 16). Fasting as a voluntary contentment, not using all that is provided. Have lots of extra resources but do not share with the poor (Ezek. 16:49; 2 Cor 8:13-15; Jas. 2:14-26; 1 John 3:16-18). Resources are temporary and may disappear at any time (Prov. 27:24; Jas. 1:10-11; 4:14). Misuses: anxiety about food and drink (Matt. 6:25). any kind of food addiction: gluttony, bulimia, any kind of unhealthy food related practices: abstinence, anorexia. Using food to manipulate others, to give with strings attached (Prov. 23:1-8)
God’s omniscience is reflected by wise and knowledgeable uses of food and drink: food metaphors making the spiritual man wise for salvation (1 Pet. 2:2-3; 1 Cor. 2:10-14). Food and drink are used as metaphors for salvation and shadows of eternal realities: ‘Like nursing infants, desire pure spiritual milk, if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good’ (1 Pet. 2:2-3). ‘You would have asked and he would have given you living water’ (John 4:10) Psa. 63:5 “My soul will be satisfied as with fat and rich food, and my mouth will praise you with joyful lips,” “Why do you spend your money for that which is not bread, and your labor for that which does not satisfy? Listen diligently to me, and eat what is good, and delight yourselves in rich food,” (Isa. 55:2). John 6:27“Do not work for the food that perishes, but for the food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you. For on him God the Father has set his seal.” (and John 4:32; 6:55). The Lord’s Table uses food and drink as signs and seals of salvation (1 Cor 11:23-30). Solid food and milk used as metaphors for basic teaching compared to mature teaching (Heb. 5:12-14; 1 Cor 3:2). The Lord makes us wise with cooking skills and recipes using the resources he provides to serve one another (1 Pet. 4:9). All [foods & drinks] are lawful, but not all are helpful (1 Cor. 6:12) so we need wisdom to discern what is helpful.
God’s omniharmonious nature is reflected in ways food and drink are used to establish and maintain unity: Children learning to eat food prepared by parents as a form of submission to authority. Adults learning to enjoy foods prepared by equals. Wives making food to please their husbands. Misuses: All [foods & drinks] are lawful, but [they collectively, or anything individually] shall not be my master (1 Cor. 6:12).
Ruling: God’s power sustains human cultural stability in economics, manufacturing and transportation, electric/gas services that make grocery shopping and cooking possible. Tending and stewarding the earth’s resources to produce sustainable foods and drinks. Misuses/waste of limited natural resources to produce culturally desired, high demand, high earning value product, unnecessary/excess food.
Integrity: Parents faithfully stewarding cultural efficiency, location, housing, resources (like the ant, show diligence in gathering food during harvest Prov. 6:8; 30:25; as a virtuous woman who fears the Lord 30:10-31), income and jobs to provide what is necessary for body of family members, daily bread and drink (money, restaurants, shopping and home centered food services).
History and Life Context: determining times for meals, life organized around times for eating and drinking. Live under the sovereign providence of God in determining our times and places of life (Acts 17:24-26), using Passover/Lord’s Supper food as ways to remember and interpret history as God does. Though there be no food, we must still rejoice in the Lord and take joy in the God of our salvation (Hab. 3:17-18). Eschatological banquet (Isa. 25:6) and trees for food, leaves for healing (Ezek. 47:12; Rev. 22:2).